Through Configuration Management, the program identifies, controls and tracks changes to the technical baseline, ensuring changes occur only after thorough assessments of performance, cost and schedule impacts, as well as associated risks. Documenting the plan to SVR in the SEP and elsewhere as appropriate. The unique Program Manager (PM) responsibilities associated with a system PRR include: The unique Systems Engineer responsibilities associated with a system PRR include: Figure 27 provides the end-to-end perspective and the integration of SE technical reviews and audits across the acquisition life cycle. End-user sites that perform their own customization or tailoring of the system installation should ensure that knowledge of their actions is sent back to the integrator/developer so that problem reporting and resolution activities fully understand operational and performance implications of site-specific changes. A sustainability analysis can support numerous acquisition activities, including: The Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment Process for Sustainability in DoD Acquisitions is specifically for use in the DoD acquisition process. Fabricate and assemble the system elements and system to the initial product baseline. Programs can take advantage of similar practices for identifying, analyzing, mitigating, and monitoring both risks and issues. Producibility, Quality and Manufacturing (PQM). It is important for the program management to understand the expected benefit from modular design as part of implementing a MOSA strategy. Consistent with DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. When part of the contract, the DI-MGMT-81861 (Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR)) specifies when SRAs should be performed. Sound Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPC) planning reduces life-cycle costs, improves maintainability and availability and enhances ESOH compliance. The PM reviews and approves the approach, ensures the required resources are available and recommends review participants. ), Life-Cycle Sustainment Plan (LCSP) (updated) (See CH 4–3.2. Due to increased efforts to network systems to facilitate information-sharing across the battlespace, most DoD systems also may be viewed as components of a "virtual" SoS. Product baseline established. 2 requires the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Systems Engineering) (DASD(SE)) be the approval authority for all programs under AT&L oversight; for all other programs, the MDA will be the approval authority. Another best practice is to have the technical representatives from each system participate in each others’ SFR, PDR, and CDR. The PM has the critical role of approving a systems engineering (SE) approach that includes all stakeholders. Conducting or supporting the technical evaluation in support of source selection for the EMD contract award. A Critical Safety Item (CSI) is a part, assembly or support equipment whose failure could cause loss of life, permanent disability or major injury, loss of a system or significant equipment damage. In accordance with DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. Producibility should be a Technical Performance Measure (TPM) for the program, and the program’s strategy for producibility should be contained in paragraph 3.6 of the program’s Systems Engineering Plan (SEP). Assessing Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP) feasibility within program constraints (may include assessing contractor and principal subcontractor production experience and capability, new fabrication technology, special tooling and production personnel training requirements). Functional design integrates producibility requirements (measure of relative ease of manufacturing) with no significant compromises to quality and performance. Technical reviews should occur when the requisite knowledge is expected and required. ), Assessment of technical risk (updated) (See CH 3–4.1.5. Development of the initial product baseline and a stable design that conforms to program cost, schedule and performance requirements (see. Understand the growth, change and correctness of the definition of external and internal interfaces. After Milestone B, the affordability emphasis shifts to defining and achieving should-cost estimates. Original published December 1999 . Additional DoD policy and guidance regarding I&D, summarized below, are directed at ensuring that systems work effectively with other systems: Item Unique Identification (IUID) is a systematic process to globally and unambiguously distinguish one item from all the other items that DoD buys or owns. System functions in the system performance specification decomposed and defined in specifications for lower level elements, that is, system segments and major subsystems. ), Assessment of technical risk and development of mitigation plans (See CH 3-4.1.5. and the DoD Risk, Issue, and Opportunity Management Guide for Defense Acquisition Programs. Defense Business Systems (DBS) do not employ JCIDS procedures for the development and validation of capability requirements documents (See DoDI 5000.75). Performing trade studies, refine requirements and revise designs. The PPP is approved by the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA) at each milestone decision review and at the Full-Rate Production/Full-Deployment (FRP/FD) decision, with a draft PPP (as defined in DoDI 5000.02, Enc 1, Table 2 and DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. PMs should use the SEP Outline to guide preparation of the plan. The Systems Engineer should understand the system concept of operations /operational mode summary / mission profile, any maintenance plans and the expected users of COTS/GOTS SW applications including their level of training. Analyze system use data such as deficiency reports, hazard reports, regulatory violations, etc. Supportability refers to the inherent characteristics of the system and the enabling system elements that allow effective and efficient sustainment (including maintenance and other support functions) throughout the system’s life cycle. For ACAT IC and ACAT IAC programs, the Component Acquisition Executive conducts the PDR assessment. COTS products should be evaluated to meet all performance and reliability requirements during all environmental conditions and service life requirements specified by the intended application requirements documents. Another source of information is the Manufacturing Readiness Level Deskbook to be used as appropriate. Bi-directional traceability also ensures that higher-level requirements are properly flowed to lower-level requirements and system element designs so that there are no "childless parent" higher-level requirements (i.e., each high-level requirement is ultimately being addressed by lower-level requirements and system element designs). Conduct effectiveness analyses and risk assessments. See Figure 20. The draft Concept of Operations/Operational Mode Summary/Mission Profile (CONOPS/OMS/MP) should be available as an input to the ASR. Included as part of the technical data package to be transitioned into the next phase of the life cycle or into other efforts, Analysis of Alternatives to compare conceptual alternatives, Trade-space analysis to compare how sustainability attributes (e.g., chemical or material choices, water or solid waste) affect life-cycle cost, TOC, performance, human health and the environment, Business Case Analysis using the LCA method to include sustainability as one of the elements in the analysis, Preliminary design to select the most sustainable system that meets performance requirements and end-user needs, Supportability analysis to help ensure the use of resources throughout the life cycle is considered, Detailed design to select the most sustainable components, Scoping the issue, improvement targets, and evaluation factors, Identifying specific areas/functions for evaluation, Developing and presenting specific recommendations, Hardware, software and/or human components, Development, production, test or manufacturing, Service lessons learned repositories (including Service safety centers), DoD Systems Engineering community of practice websites, Defense Standardization Program Office (DSPO), Other Departments and Agencies such as National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Department of Energy (DoE) or National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Professional organizations such as the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) or the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Industry organizations such as National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) or Aerospace Industries Association (AIA), Non-government standards development organizations such as Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International and International Organization for Standards (ISO), Ensuring proper level of governance is applied, Ensuring processes are followed and reporting is in compliance with plans, Interfacing with the end users and developers to determine changes in operational requirements or concepts of operations that may affect the development of the desired capability, Ensuring coordinated development and updating of acquisition strategy documents (e.g., Acquisition Strategy (AS)), program plans (e.g., SEP, Program Protection Plan (PPP), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), Life Cycle Sustainment Plan (LCSP)), and cost and budget documents, Establishing program office organization (roles, responsibilities, authorities accountabilities) and staffing the program office and Government technical team with qualified (trained and experienced) Systems Engineers and other relevant technical professionals, Integrating all aspects of the program office, including business processes relating to program management, SE, test and program control, Ensuring all necessary memoranda of understanding and agreement (MOU/MOAs) are in place and sufficiently detailed. Develop the minimum viable requirements: high-level system (e.g., system requirements specification, functional requirements document) and architecturally significant requirements (non-functional requirements) covering the full scope of effort. Our prior best practices work has indicated that if detailed systems engineering is done before the start of product development, the program can resolve these risks through trade-offs and additional investments, ensuring that risks have been sufficiently retired or that they are clearly understood and adequately resourced if they are being carried forward.”. The CM process described in the DoD-adopted standard American National Standards Institute/Electronic Industry Association (ANSI/EIA)-649, Configuration Management Standard, consists of five interrelated functions that, when collectively applied, allow the program to maintain consistency between product configuration information and the product throughout its life cycle. The measure is quantifiable with defined criteria and consistent methods for determining a measurement point. In addition to QMS and SPC, understanding and improving processes may require common and/or new tools and techniques to eliminate defects and variation in processes. (NOTE: providing an electronic copy of the current data from the HTS would satisfy this requirement. The PM and Systems Engineer evaluate technical maturity in support of program decisions at the key event-driven technical reviews and audits (see CH 3–3.3. ); and (3) the Systems Engineering Plan (see CH 3–2.2.) 4. The IMS helps the PM and Systems Engineer: The Integrated Master Plan and Integrated Master Schedule Preparation and Use Guide provides additional guidance on developing and implementing these technical planning tools. Technical reviews provide the forum to frame important issues and assumptions. 10, defines the requirements for manufacturing processes and manufacturing risks. When designing for modularity, the system should be appropriately partitioned into discrete, scalable, self-contained functional elements by decomposing and decoupling the functions of a system. A healthy, complete and risk-enabled schedule forms the technical basis for EVMS. The program’s risks, issues and opportunities. Whereas the technical management processes provide insight of, and control over, the technical development of a system throughout its life cycle, the technical processes are used to design, develop and analyze the system, system elements and enabling system elements required for integration, test, production, deployment, support, operation and disposal. Accordingly, SW development and sustainment frequently contributes a major portion of total system life-cycle cost, schedule and risk and should be considered throughout the acquisition and Systems Engineering (SE) life cycle. The allocated baseline is complete when: Some of the benefits realized from a PDR with the attributes identified above would be to: Some design decisions leading up to PDR may precipitate discussions with the operational requirements community because they could have an impact on the CDD. For Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAP), prepare a preliminary RAM-C Rationale Report and attach the report to the SEP for Milestone A, Translate ICD performance capabilities and draft CDD thresholds to R&M specification requirements based on the Concept of Operations/Operational Mode Summary/Mission Profile (CONOPS/OMS/MP), failure definitions and utilization rates, Develop a system reliability growth planning curve and include it in the SEP. Identifying external or SoS interfaces and ensuring the technical interface requirement and task scope are unambiguous to the offerors. This is also an opportunity to assess whether technical requirements from all acquisition documentation (e.g., Program Protection Plan (PPP), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Cost Rationale (RAM-C) Report) are flowed to specifications. As with risks, mitigation activities should be included in the program IMS and the tracking register. Spectrum-dependent developers should be aware of the enemy electronic order of battle and countermeasures, and plan accordingly. Producibility, Quality, and Manufacturing Readiness. 2, PMs should include the SEP (either an approved or a draft SEP) in the Request for Proposal (RFP) to the offerors as either guidance or as a compliance document depending on the maturity of the plan and the acquisition strategy. The life-cycle costs can include both internal (to DoD) and external (to society) by monetizing the impacts. Reducing the number of unique or specialized parts used in a system (or across systems). There are distinct differences between systems and SoS that should be taken into account in the application of SE to SoS (see Table 2, adapted from DoD Systems Engineering Guide for Systems of Systems and SoS Systems Engineering and Test & Evaluation: Final Report of the NDIA SE Division SoS SE and T&E Committees). Technical Planning includes the following activities: Key factors that the Systems Engineer should consider when accomplishing technical planning include: In addition to the SEP, the technical planning effort supports the development of the following documents: Other useful resources available to assist the PM and Systems Engineer in the Technical Planning process can be found in the "Guidance & Tools" section of the ODASD(SE) Policy and Guidance website. Resourcing the managers of all functional areas, such as administration, engineering, logistics, test, etc. This includes integrating DEMIL and disposal into the allocated baseline approved at the Preliminary Design Review (PDR) and refining DEMIL and disposal requirements in the initial product baseline at the Critical Design Review (CDR). We have made it easy for you to find a PDF Ebooks without any digging. The most important decisions to control risk are made early in a program life cycle. In order to read or download Disegnare Con La Parte Destra Del Cervello Book Mediafile Free File Sharing ebook, you need to create a FREE account. The DoDI 5000.02, Enc 6, sec. For each technical review, a technical review chair is identified and is responsible for evaluating products and determining the criteria are met and that actions items are closed. PMs should ensure the DEMIL of materiel is accomplished in accordance with DoDI 4160.28, DoD Demilitarization Program. At MDD, the MDA not only decides whether an investment is made to fill the capability gap but also determines the fundamental path the materiel development will follow. The Systems Engineer may refer to IEEE 15288.2 "Standard for Technical Reviews and Audits on Defense Programs" as a resource. Figure 23 provides the end-to-end perspective and the integration of SE technical reviews and audits across the acquisition life cycle. Modeling and Simulation). PHS&T focuses on transportation, handling and storage (short- and long-term) constraints on performance resulting from driving size, weight, parts robustness and shelf life. Validating the production configuration prior to FRP / FD. Spectrum management requirements are needed for all spectrum-dependent systems. An integral part of defining and refining the functional and physical architecture is to provide technical support to the market research, especially early in the acquisition life cycle. The output of the Verification process is a verified production-representative article with documentation to support Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E). The result of the Architecture Design process is an architectural design that meets the end-user capability needs shown in the Requirements Management process to have all stated and derived requirements allocated to lower-level system elements and to have the possibility of meeting cost, schedule and performance objectives. This assessment informs the MDA of the technical risks and the program’s readiness to proceed. Design activities may include: Realization is the process of building the system elements using specified materials and fabrication and production tools/procedures identified during design. System architectural descriptions contain three primary viewpoints: Capability, Operational, and Systems. For efficiency, systems often rely on either services provided by other systems during operations or reuse of system elements developed by other programs. Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (i.e. This outline indicates required content for DoD SEPs as well as guidance regarding appropriate details to include in each section. Before accepting a risk, the appropriate acceptance authority requires user representative concurrence from the DoD Component(s) responsible for the personnel, equipment or environment exposed to the risk. Systems engineering (SE) in the O&S phase assesses whether the deployed system and enabling system elements continue to provide the needed capability in a safe, sustainable and cost-effective manner. further details the program protection roles and responsibilities. Systems Engineering Handbook National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Headquarters Washington, D.C. 20546 December 2007. 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