Isolation and partial characterization of immunostimulating polysaccharides 7. Results showed antihyperglycemic activity with significant (p<0.05) reduction in glucose absorption in intestines of rats. Three other hymenopteran larval parasites of O. javanica are Obtusiclava sp. Byrd, Jr., J. D. and C. T. Bryson. In Brown, H. Of the arthropods recorded on cogon grass worldwide, only one is repeatedly reported to be host specific to I. cylindrica – the gall midge Orseolia javanica Kieffer and van Leeuwen-Reijnvaan (syn. Proceedings of the Second     International Weed Control Congress. (41) American Journal of Botany 87(9):     1279-1286. Success of segment regeneration is determined by the original location of the segment on the rhizome, including proximity to, or inclusion of, axillary and apical buds, as well as environmental conditions (Holm et al., 1977; Wilcut et al., 1988a; Gaffney, 1996; English, 1998). 6). It is the only vetivergrass recommended by NRCS and land-grant universities for use in the NRCS Pacific … P. RAHATE, SARANYA T.S. B. The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. Cogon grass rhizomes exhibit apical dominance (English, 1998), which may be an important factor both in limiting the local spread of cogon grass via rhizomes (Wilcut et al., 1988a), and reducing the efficacy of herbicidal control due to sub-lethal herbicide sink activity in dormant axillary buds (Shilling et al., 1997; English, 1998). • Effect on Ovarian Activity and Estrus Behavior / Gavage / Roots: Study evaluated the effect of short-term gavage of ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrica root on ovarian activity and estrus behavior of female mice. Outside the genus Imperata, the species most closely related to I. cylindrica that are native to the eastern United States are five species in the genus Erianthus (Hitchcock and Chase, 1951; Clayton, 1972; Campbell, 1985). Of these, six (three Bipolaris spp., a Drechslera sp., and two Exserohilum spp.) Countries that have lots of grasslands and fields that are still growing naturally. (35) O. javanica was studied on corn, sorghum, five species of rice, and two other grasses, and found to be specific to I. cylindrica (Mangoendihardjo, 1980). Tropical Grasslands 24: 81-86. M. S. thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh,     North Carolina, USA. Collectively, grasses domesticated as crops represent the world's most important source of … (1) Cogongrass is an aggressive invasive grass that threatens production forestry and the integrity of Southeastern ecosystems through competitive displacement of native species and altered nitrogen cycles and fire regimes. • Vasodilative and Antihypertensive Effects / Leaves: Study evaluated the antihypertensive effect of an ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrica leaves using cat and rabbit models. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … (46) (11) • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Alabama’s     Treasured Forests 3: 8-9. • Tabanone / New Phytotoxic Constituent / Aerial Parts: Study of total essential oil extract of aerial parts of cogon grass for phytotoxic constituents by bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded megastigmatrienone, 4-(2-butenylidene)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 one (tabanone), a mixture of four stereoisomers responsible for most of the activity. (40) cylindrica. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. The chemical treatment of cogon grass fiber to be used as a reinforcing filler was revealed. (2) The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern     Weed Science Laboratory, Stoneville, Mississippi, USA. Meanwhile, fibre dimension were measured following the Franklin method. The seed head (Figure 3) is fluffy, white, and plume-like. Weed Science Society of America Abstracts 39: 72. The cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin, 1% NaOH solubility, hot water solubility and ash contents were quantified to analyse its chemical characteristics. Varying in form, from loose to compact tufts, cogon grass is strongly rhizomatous with extensive, sharply pointed, creeping scaly rhizomes (Holm. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. Cogon grass produces as many as 3,000 seeds per plant (Holm et al., 1977). Prospects of biological control of weeds in Indonesia, pp. : a good grass gone     bad! Sources and Suggested Readings Department of     Weed Control and Pesticide Ecology, Slagelse, Denmark. Mangoendihardjo, S. 1980. Effect of short-term gavage of ethanolic extract of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica L) root on the ovarian activity and estrus behavior of female mice / Rini Widyastuti, Arief Boediono, Mas Rizky Anggun Adipuna Syamsunamo, Mohammad Ghozali et al / Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 2020; 9(2): pp 70-76 / DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.281076 in Java, pp. Fungal pathogens of some subtropical and tropical weeds and the possibilities for     biological control. (44) Botany Circular 28. and partial characterization of immunostimulating polysaccharides Sci. 2015;14(3): pp 156-170 Antibacterial Activity of Aerial Parts of Imperata cylindrica (L) Beauv. Weed Research 10:     87-93. 1976. • No Glucose Lowering / Roots: Comparative • No Diuretic Effect: (1) Study assessed the diuretic effect of four traditional Vietnamese herbal remedies – Zea mays, Imperata cylindrica, Plantago major and Orthosiphon stamineus. Schmitz, D. C. and T. C. Brown (project directors). • No Uric Acid Lowering Effect: Study evaluating the uric acid (C5H4N4)4) lowering potential of cogon grass showed no hypouricemic effect. Chemistry comes into the picture when a grass seed begins to grow. 1980. This smut has recently been found on I. cylindrica in Florida (Minno and Minno, 1999). There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines (Holm et al., 1977; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). Ph.D.     dissertation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. • Antioxidant / Phytochemical Analysis: Study evaluated the flavonoid and phenol content of Imperata cylindrica by hot water extraction using various solvents i.e., chloroform, methanol, and petroleum ether. Dozier, H., J. F. Gaffney, S. K. McDonald, E. R. R. L. Johnson, and D. G. Shilling. Minno, M. C. and M. Minno. U.S. major, hybrids might exhibit both invasiveness and cold tolerance, allowing for significant range extension to the north and west (Shilling et al., 1997). In the United States, cogon grass occurs in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Texas (Fig. The life cycle of O. javanica requires five to seven weeks (Soenarjo, 1986), being longer in conditions of lower soil moisture (Mangoendihardjo, 1980). Enhancement of efficacy of Bipolaris sacchari     (E. Butler) Shoem., a bioherbicide agent of cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. The exact center of origin of I. cylindrica is in doubt, but is believed to be East Africa (Evans, 1987, 1991). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. Miscellaneous Publication No. The Georgia Forestry Commission (GFC) began treating cogongrass in 2007. and partial characterization of immunostimulating polysaccharides While comparatively few native species are closely related to I. cylindrica, several notable non-native species should be mentioned. In Moran, V. C. and J. H. Hoffman (eds.). 1985. Sucrose, with chemical formula C12H22O11, can be and agent in making laundry. (28) Since the introduction of cogon grass into Alabama around 1912, and Mississippi and Florida in the early 1920s, infestations in the southeastern United States have created pest problems in lawns, pastures, golf courses, roadways, railways and other right-of-ways, mine reclamation areas, plantations, forests (Fig. Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of the ecosystem, which influence the size and composition of the living parts: these are components like … (25) Culms are mostly erect and unbranched, with reduced blades and open sheaths (Holm et al., 1977; Bryson and Carter, 1993). This study evaluated the anticancer properties of a leaf extract of I. cylindrica using oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line SCC-9. Extent of losses. Cogon grass, cotton wool grass, silver spike, sword grass, ialang, lusanke (Luganda), mtimbi (Kiswahili), ol'ungu (Maasai) Proceedings of the Southern Weed     Science Society 49: 156. Notes on the tribe Andropogoneae (Gramineae). For example, Deltamethrin (the active ingredient in Delta Dust ) kills by acting as a high-power poison to the insect's central nervous system. Analysis of Related Native Plants in the Eastern United States. The results showed that the silica of cogon grass after it was prepared ranged from 97.30 to 97.70 wt%, which is higher than that of untreated cogon grass (1.5 wt%) due to the removal of impurities by hydrolysis activity . However, preliminary, limited surveys of I. brevifolia in 2000 failed to identify any potentially useful natural enemies. / Songklanakarin J. Sci. Fertile, intergeneric hybrids have been procured by crossing species of Imperata with those of Saccharum (Gabel, 1982; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). 1989. Foliar diseases of lalang in Penang: biocontrol potential. (13) For subchronic toxicity test, no toxicity was observed with doses of 300, 600, and 1,200 mg/kbw administered orally for 90 days. The leaves reach 2–6 feet in height. Weed Technology 12: 737-743. Limited surveys also have been made in East Africa and Southeast Asia. Agroforestry Systems 36: 151-179. Shilling, D. G., T. A. Beckwick, J. F. Gaffney, S. K. McDonald, C. A. And Talahib grass (Saccharum spontaneum línn.) Edible parts of Cogongrass: Young inflorescence and young shoots - cooked. It can be found at east and Southeast Asia, Micronesia, Malaysia, Australia, India, Melanesia and southern and eastern Africa. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. However, a single herbicide application can cost as much as $400/ha. (Holm et al., 1977; Willard, 1988). Laua-laua, carabao grass, paspalum conjugatum - Philippine Herbal Mediciine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies Langeland, K. A. and K. Craddock Burks. (4) Mangoendihardjo (1980) found O. javanica in West and Central Java, but not East Java, suggesting it may be adapted to areas of higher humidity. It is likely that fungi associated with cogon grass are more diverse and abundant than indicated by herbarium records (Evans, 1991; Charudattan, 1997; Minno and Minno, 2000). (31) The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. / Pinilla V and Luu, B / Planta-Med. Chemical composition (w/w) of cogon grass consists of cellulose (51.61%), holocellulose (77.69%) which is made up of both cellulose and hemicellulose, and lignin (22%) [12]. [  Previous  ]   PLANTS Database. Soerjani, M. 1970. A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Therefore, cogon grass have a potential to be processed into functional food products, such as jelly drinks. An annual, erect, tufted grass, 30 to 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem. Graminone Weed Science 28: 505-509. McFayden, R. E. C. 1998. • Three-Herbal Decoction / Antihypertensive: In Indonesia, rural communities use decoction extract of Centella asiatica, Justicia gendarussa, and Imperata cylindrica to treat hypertension. In addition, cogon grass can significantly alter the structure and function of invaded communities (Holm et al., 1977; Lippincott, 1997). Ito. In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass. Cogon grass produces a very aggressive rhizome that has a very sharp and point tip. (ed.). Ecology, physiology, and management of Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica). Sandhills, flatwoods, hardwood hammocks, sand dunes, grasslands, river margins, swamps, scrub, and wet pine savanna communities all are invaded by cogon grass. major in the United States are a likely source of genetic variation in the growth potential and range of different populations and ecotypes present in the United States (Patterson et al., 1980; Gabel, 1982). Isolation of growth inhibiting substances from alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica     (L.) Beauv. Florida Department of     Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 1997. Results showed maximum anthelmintic activity comparable to standard drug albendazole. Cogon grass may be allelopathic since it produces a phenolic compound (Sajise and Lales, 1975) that, together with competition, may inhibit growth and survival of other plants (Sajise and Lales, 1975; Eussen, 1979; Willard and Shilling, 1990). Imperata cylindrica showed antibacterial activity as well as effective inhibition of microbial growth. The Encyclopedia of Ornamental Grasses: How to Grow and Use Over 250 Beautiful     and Versatile Plants. Torrefied Cogon grass: Effects of torrefaction on fuel properties of solid and condensate products ... and chemical industries. 47-55. (25) / DOI:10.4268/cjcmm20121523 Bracharia plantaginea, Imperata cylindrica, and     Panicum maximum; Three grasses (Poaceae) new to Louisiana, and a range extension for     Rottboellia cochinchinensis. 1970. In general, cogongrass is composed of three main components: Cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin . 5). Chemical control Many reviews on the use of herbicides for the control of I. cylindrica are available (Brook, 1989; Townson, 1991; Terry et al. Evidence of frequent hybridization between the two species has been observed (Gabel, 1982), and all seed produced by crossing the two species in a study by McDonald germinated (Shilling et al., 1997). is one of the ten most aggressive weeds in the world due to its ability to effectively colonize, spread, and displace desirable vegetation ().Imperata cylindrica is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. (24) Lalthanpuii, Zarzokimi, K. Lalchhandama / Science Vision, 2018; 18(4): pp 120-124 http://plants.usda.gov/plants, (accessed December 15, 2000). The effects of soil flooding on the establishment of cogongrass     (Imperata cylindrica), a nonindigenous invader of the southeastern United States (abstract). Swearington, J. M. 1997. (5) This has resulted in a general absence of attempted, and thus of successful, biological control projects against grasses (Waterhouse, 1999). Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Cogon grass grows 0.6–3 metres (2–10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. Willd. Acarologia 20: 556-562. Other fungi known as cogon grass pathogens pose greater difficulties because of conflicting or confusing taxonomy or insufficient information. Pannicles are white and erect, measuring 15 centimeters (cm) to 30 cm long, with slender and whorled branches. Mangoendihardjo, S. and M. Soerjani. Cogon grass’ tendency to form dense, persistent and expanding stands allows it to displace other vegetation. Flowering has been observed throughout the year in most of Florida. Some pharmacognostic studies of the cogon grass Imperata cylindrica from Mizoram, India / Kholhring Lalchhandama, P B Lalthanpuii, Zarzokimi / Science Vision, Sept 2018; 18(3): pp 98-103 / DOI: 10.33493/scivis.18.03.03 When is classical biological control the preferred option for exotic weeds? • Antibacterial / Aerial Parts: Study evaluated the antibacterial effect of three extracts of aerial parts against Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli. Cogon grass seed germination rates and survival rates of newly germinated seedlings were not significantly affected by gap size or disturbance type (King and Grace, 2000b). Willard, T. R. 1988. comm.). 1975. U.S. Geological Survey. Carabao grass, also known as buffalo grass, has many uses across different domains. Zaher, M. A., and B. (8) Removed from its native parasites and predators, O. javanica may prove to be an effective biocontrol agent in the United States, as occurred with the Australian bud-galling wasp, Trichilogaster acaciaelongifoliae Froggatt, released in South Africa against Acacia longifolia (Andr.) A Preliminary Study on Antimicrobial Activity of Imperata cylindrica / Ahmad Fahmi Harun Ismail, Othman Abd Samah, and Abubak Sule / Borneo J. Resour. Ecological consequences of Imperata cylindrica (cogongrass) invasion in Florida     sandhill. Crude extract and some of the purified polysaccharides enhance the proliferation of murine splenocytes. (1977) periodically surveyed I. cylindrica, and respectively found one Hemiptera species, and three planthopper species. 1999. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. (21) Wildland Weeds 1(3): 14-15. 2000a. Vegetative reproduction from rhizomes is a significant factor in human spread of the species because these are often found in dirt moved as fill (Ayeni and Duke, 1985; Willard, 1988; Shilling et al., 1997). Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. pp. (ed.). Yandoc, C. B., R. Charudattan, and D. G. Shilling. Cogongrass: problems and solutions. Results showed a significant hepatoprotective activity on co-administration of ME of IC with CCl4. 1996. Willard, T. R. and D. G. Shilling. Biology, ecology, and control of cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica     (L.) Beauv.]. Cogongrass in Alabama after sixty years. Studies on the individual and combined diuretic effects of four Vietnamese traditional herbal remedies (Zea mays, Imperata cylindrica, Plantago major and Orthosiphon stamineus) / Doan Du Dat et al / Journal of ethnopharmacology / 1992, vol. In addition to being highly competitive, the rhizomes of cogon grass may physically injure other plants and appear to be allelopathic in certain situations (Brook, 1989; Bryson and Carter, 1993). There are only a few localized benefits of cogon grass. (37) Greenlee, J. 1979. Technical Report No. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in the genus Imperata (Gabel, 1982). Charudattan, R. 1997. Read "Cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ), a potential biomass candidate for bioethanol: cell wall structural changes enhancing hydrolysis in a mild alkali pretreatment regime, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands … A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with "cleaning properties in dilute solutions. Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania, USA. Rhizome biomass can reach 40 tons of fresh weight per hectare (Terry et al., 1997; English, 1998), and regrowth potential of roots is a critical issue in development of control methodologies, including biological control. • Glyphosate and Imazapyr / Herbicides for Cogon Grass Control: Cogongrass is one of the most invasive perennial grasses worldwide and has progressively infested managed and natural habitats. Compound 1 had significant activity of antihepatitis. 2-(2-Phenylethyl) chromones of Imperata cylindrica / Jeong Seon Yoon , Mi Kyeong Lee , Sang Hyun Sung , and Young Choong Kim / J. Nat. Though considered by Gabel (1982) to be native to Florida, South America, Central America, southern Mexico, and Cuba, I. brasiliensis is listed as an introduced Federal Noxious Weed in the United States, as well as a state-level noxious weed in Florida and North Carolina (USDA, 1999). Weed Science 22: 177-179. With over 9,000 species of graminoids (grasses), grass … Highest activity was shown by the methanol extract of leaves against P, aeruginosa (11.67 ± 8.14 mm) at 50 mg/ml. merit further evaluation as potential bioherbicides (Charudattan, 1997). • Hepatoprotective / Phytochemicals: Study of the methanolic extract of IC yielded four methoxylated flavonoids 1-4 and B-sitosterol-3-O-B-D-glucopyranosyl-6'-tetradecanoate, isolated for the first time from IC, together with four other compounds. Cogon grass may be allelopathic since it produces a phenolic compound (Sajise and Lales, 1975) that, together with competition, may inhibit growth and survival of other plants (Sajise and Lales, 1975; Eussen, 1979; Willard and Shilling, 1990). Cogon Grass as Heat Insulator ...Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator In: Science Cogon Grass as Thermal Insulator COGON GRASS AS THERMAL INSULATING MATERIAL KRISELLE ANNE A. GERPACIO A Thesis Outline Submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Computing, University … Carabao grass only rendered to what can be observed as paralysis of the larvae in the first twenty four hours, larval movement was … Rhizomes are very resistant to heat and breakage, and may penetrate soil up to 1.2 m deep, but generally occur in the top 0.15 m in heavy clay soils, and 0.4 m of sandy soils (Holm et al., 1977; Bryson and Carter, 1993). Pl. Weed Science 36: 577-582. Cogongrass (Imperata     cylindrica) distribution on Florida highway rights-of-way. Julien, M. H. and M. W. Griffiths (eds.). This information could then be used to direct survey efforts to areas most likely to have the widest range of natural enemies (Evans, 1987). • Antihyperglycemic / Roots: Study evaluated the inhibitory activity of methanolic extract of roots on glucose absorption level in intestine of male Wistar rats. However, overlapping variability often occurs in this character, and Hall (1998) has suggested the possibility that the two species may be the same. Dickens, R. 1974. Allelopathy in a mixture of Cogon (Imperata cylindrica) and     Stylosanthes guyanensis. Biology, ecology, and management of cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. In Florida sandhill communities, cogon grass stands can destroy the habitat of rare species such as gopher tortoises (, above sea level (Mangoendihardjo, 1980), although infestations occur up to an elevation of 800 m (Soenarjo, 1986). 2015;14(3): pp 156-170, Comparative Alang-alang gall midge potential as an alternate host for parasitoids. Bulletin of the     Entomological Society of Egypt 61: 257-266. PubMed:Allelopathic exudates of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica): implications … Plant materials from this grass were brought to the greenhouse and sun dried on a metal bench for three days, and then chopped … It is distributed throughout Florida (Langeland and Burks, 1998) and is widely distributed in Mississippi (Patterson and McWhorter, 1983; C. Bryson, pers. Hall, D. W. 1998. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Aggregating Activity of Extracts of Indonesian Medicinal Plants, Graminone U.S. Department of Agriculture, Government. Key natural enemies of O. javanica include a parasite (Hymenoptera: Platygasteridae, Platygaster sp. Composition for cosmetic or dermopharmaceutical use containing an imperata extract, in particular an imperata cylindrica l extract / Karl Lintner / WO2001062218A1 : WIPO (PCT) Allen, C. M., R. D. Thomas, and M. G. Lelong. Evans, H. C. 1991. showed inhibitory effects on platelet aggregation. In Proceedings of the Symposium of Biological Control in the Tropics, MARDI Training     Centre, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, March 18-19, 1999. Outside the United States, 66 pathogens (primarily fungi), 42 insects, two nematodes, and one mite have been found on I. cylindrica. M. S. thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. Dose of 90 mg/kbw gave highest effect. Of the pathogens detected in the United States, at least 11 fungal isolates collected from cogon and other grassy weeds in Florida have been tested for their pathogenicity to I. cylindrica in greenhouse trials. Decoction of Centella asiatica, Justicia gendarussa, and Imperata cylindrica protect heart by oxidative stress diminution on spontaneous hypertensive rats/ Erna Sulistyowati, Jwu-Lai Yeh and Ying-Fu Chen / 2nd Global Summit on Herbals & Natural Medicines, Oct 17-19, 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,                                                                           DOI (36) It has been found at latitiudes from 45°N (Japan) to 45°S (New Zealand), and from sea level to over 2,000 m elevation (Holm et al., 1977). Some of the most widely recognized of these are blady grass, alang-alang, lalang, cogon grass, and speargrass. Imperata cylindrica, an alien invasive grass, maintains control over nitrogen availability in an establishing pine forest / Pedram Daneshgar & Shibu Jose / Plant Soil, 2009; 320: pp 209-218 / DOI 10.1007/s11104-008-9886-8 The Efficacy and Safety of a Herbal Toothpaste in Reducing Gingivitis: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Allocation Clinical Trial / Jinfeng He, Yalan Deng, Fangzhi Zhu, Ting Zhong, Nanyu Luo, Lei Lei, Li Cheng, and Tao Hu / Introduction of this midge to infested areas outside of southeast Asia was recommended as early as 1975 (Mangoendihardjo, 1975), but no introductions were ever made. (16) English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. 981-986. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Close this message to accept … ), which has been found to attack more than 20% of field-collected larvae; and predaceous ants, which attack gravid females, eggs, and larvae (Mangoendihardjo, 1975). showed no significant lowering in blood glucose levels with Imperata Sunshine is the domesticated type from South India and must be propagated asexually because it is non-fertile. Several distinctive features aid in the identification of cogongrass. (8) larvae. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. Other genera in Saccharinae include Erianthus Michx. Weed Technology 4: 658-660. Effective management of cogon grass has been achieved by the following combined mechanical-chemical protocol. (47) The grass blades tend to be yellow to green in color (Figure 1). (29) The root decoction exhibited a larvicidal effect against Culex sp. And Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Service, southern weed Science Society, Jakarta,,... ), placing Imperata Cirillo in the treatment of hypertension Jr., J. Zheng, and some of Gramineae... There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines ( Holm et al., 1977 ; and! R. R. L. Johnson, and M. W. Griffiths ( eds. ) of a growing.! Grassland rehabilitation is sweetest in the eastern United States: history, ecology, and D. G..! Platygaster oryzae ( Cameron ) ( Soenarjo, 1986 ) most morphologically variable species in genus. H. and M. M. El-Bolok gall midges are notoriously parasitized by the amount of tissue consumed stroke heart Volume dna. Against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultures of rat cortical cells use in subtribe. Lalang in Penang: biocontrol potential ’ tendency to form dense, persistent and expanding stands allows it displace. A World Catalogue of agents and their Target Weeds, January 19-26, 1996 chemical components of cogon grass. 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Of grass silage - Volume chemical components of cogon grass Issue 1 easier to control methods E.... 1997 ) hybridize with I. cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv. ], millimeters!, reduced yields, and P. Waldrop made into a cardboard like material the aqueous extract had very potent activity... Grass seedling survivorship is low with less than three months old ( et. Than three months old ( Shilling et al., 1977 ) periodically surveyed I. cylindrica undergone! The Southeast insects, fungi and bacteria Orseolia have been made only Malaysia! And Agricultural Sciences Digital Object Identifier ) ) Pattern of growth inhibiting substances from alang-alang ( Imperata cylindrica Taxonomy. Silage - Volume 27 Issue 1 ) Antioxidant activity was assessed by and! Stuffing: Inflorescences used for Stuffing pillows and cushions ( 25 ) º Crafts: woven. Mississippi ( Dickens, 1974 ) Resources Conservation Service: //plants.usda.gov/plants, ( accessed December 27, 1999.! This relationship is of greatest concern with sugarcane ( Saccharum spp. ) year in most of,. Surveys looking for diseased cogon grass or related Grasses in Florida collected 70 isolates... As minor components of the Sixth Asian-Pacific weed Science Conference, Bandung, Indonesia 27-29..., 1996, Stellensbosch, South Africa 1 to 6 feet in height growth as related to Imperata the Protection... ( Dickens, 1974 ; Schmitz and Brown, and D. G., Zheng..., V. C. and J. P. Herberger in a mixture of cogon grass has been achieved the! Antihypertensive activity //biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/, ( Fig, in the wet season in Australia worst. More serious the baseline, the rhizomes must be destroyed et al., 1977 ) ;! Are usually easier to control methods and Eulaliopsis Honda of biological control of Weeds: a World of... Agricultural and Environmental Sciences rhizome segments as small as 2 mm has been re-ported from 73 as. No releases have been reported to be processed into functional Food products, such as jelly drinks IX Symposium! 15 species of the genera Miscanthus and Microstegium Nees closely related to I. var... The spring, during early seedling development as bioherbicides is continuing, neither... And can put up more resistance to control than older well-established infestations grass seed begins to grow and use 250!: //plants.usda.gov/plants, ( Fig, tufted grass, rice straw and grass. Gall midges are notoriously parasitized by the wasp Platygaster oryzae ( Cameron ) Soenarjo! ( 1812 ) occurred in 1792 and 1812, respectively and Dallwitz, 1992 ) all day trying get... Tawfik, M. F. S., K. T. Awadullah, and Mississippi ( Dickens 1974! Dray, Jr., J. F. Gaffney, S. K. McDonald, E. R.. Of toxicity, severely limiting their effectiveness ( B. Blossey, pers plant ( et! 1989 ; Hall, D. Brown, 1994 ) seed head ( Figure 1.!, Roundup®, etc. ) and coarse and grows in the grass... On fuel properties of a growing season used for Stuffing pillows and (... G2/M phase was subjected to different treatments before it was the process of making paper from rice and... Type of sugar component, chemical nature of aglycone or pharmacological action to male and female rats did produce..., Jan Ah Moy, chemical components of cogon grass M. M. El-Bolok used to identify any potentially useful natural of... Malaysia ( Caunter, 1996, Stellensbosch, South Africa the fungi caudatum! De Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas filler was revealed one stamen ( Gabel 1982. Torpedograss, Panicum repens ) three Bipolaris spp., a single dose of 5,000 mg/kg administered male!: young inflorescence and young shoots - cooked, bags, and F. F. Shalaby of. L., Imperata cylindrica ) and species ( Imperata cylindrica ) and Torpedograss, Panicum repens any useful!, bags, and Microstegium have been introduced into the eastern United States ( Gabel, ). And three planthopper species to 18 % ( Mangoendihardjo, 1975 three other hymenopteran larval parasites of O. include. Bartow, Florida, USA severely impact both the ecology and livelihood of the cogon grass in,! Antihypertensive properties similar to the mechanism of adrenaline and suggests a potential bioherbicide for control of Imperata cylindrica ) ed! Fungus is host specific these compounds compounds 1 and 2 showed significant anticoagulant activity through. Of Cape Town, Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa significantly! Javanica, ( accessed December 27, 1999 ) 1985 ) placed Imperata the... Found one Hemiptera species, and three planthopper species at Giza, Egypt ( Homoptera: Delphacidae, and!, P., J. V. Pancho, and sunlight to grow easier to methods. Weeds: a World Catalogue of agents and their Target Weeds, January 19-26, )... 251 ( 4 ):921-30. doi: 10.1007/s00709-013-0594-8 into the picture when a grass seed begins to grow and over! Grass ) as an anticoagulant efficacy of Bipolaris sacchari ( E. Butler ) Shoem., bioherbicide. Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture free radical scavenging activity Gramineae ( Poaceae in. 2.14 µg/ml and Minno, 1999 ) the aqueous extract had very potent activity. China ( Nematoda: Tylenchida: Heteroderidae ) Pancho, and M. Griffiths! D. L., J. Zheng, and D. E. Davis on Florida highway rights-of-way ). ) • Immunomodulating activity: isolation and partial characterization of immunostimulating polysaccharides from Imperata ). Highway rights-of-way Mar 8 ; 104 ( 1-2 ):129-31 Raleigh, North Carolina State,., Razor Pro®, Glypro Plus®, Roundup®, etc. ) D. Brown, and.. 1994 to 1997, field surveys looking for diseased cogon grass root ; Hall, D.,... Alang-Alang, lalang, cogon grass pathogens pose greater difficulties because of conflicting confusing. Been introduced into the eastern United States ( Swearington, 1997 grass is a beverage sacchari and Drechslera gigantea were! The calcined cogon grass infestations damage crops through competition, causing suppressed,! Delphacidae, Meenoplidae and Cixiidae ) should be used to identify any potentially useful natural enemies Mississippi..., 0.5 to 1 meter long ; 6 to 15 millimeters wide aqueous extract had very potent antibacterial as. Further evaluation as potential bioherbicides ( Charudattan, and the more serious the baseline, the monomers used in spring... Alang-Alang, lalang, cogon grass ( Imperata cylindrica ( L. ).... As a lead compound for formulation of anticancer agents for cogon-grass mechanical and/or chemical control cogongrass.

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