Yapoks can be found throughout Central and South America, from Mexico all the way down to Argentina. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS. The pouch of the Water Opossum can close tight for when it goes underwater. General Facts » This semiaquatic creature is found in and near freshwater streams and lakes from Mexico through Central and South America to Argentina and is the most aquatic living marsupial (the lutrine opossum also has semiaquatic habits). 1. Water Opossum facts and knowledge. An opossum faces dire conditions during colder months. Learn everything you need to know about opossum facts, behavior and habitat. Babies immediately crawl into the mother's pouch, where they continue to develop. Possums are often attracted to chicken feed and they can kill your chickens if they go into a coop, so feed your chickens midday if possible. The opossum has webbed hind feet that help propel it in the water and also long tail that directs its movements in the water. Usually, the crown and the muzzle are predominantly black, with a pale band at the forehead. Virginia Opossum Didelphis virginiana 7 Interesting Facts About Virginia Opossums >> Virginia opossums are nocturnal (most active at night). A fact about opossums is that they mostly hunt and scavenge for food at night. Fernandez, Fernando Antonio dos Santos, et al. Of the 100+ opossum species in the world, the most common and recognizable in the United States is the Virginia opossum. The local name for the water opossum, "yapok", probably comes from the name of the Oyapok River in French Guiana. Killed by many predators: humans (and cars), dogs, cats, owls, and larger wildlife. The water opossum (Chironectes minimus), also locally known as the yapok (/ˈjæpɒk/), is a marsupial of the family Didelphidae. It has a head and body length of 30 cm (12 inches) and a 38-cm (15-inch) naked tail. A light band runs across the forehead anterior to the ears, which are rounded and naked. Latra minima (Zimmerman, 1780), Cayenne, French Guiana. Water Opossum. The extinct Thylophorops, the largest known opossum at 4–7 kg, was a macropredator. While opossums may seem like vermin, they actually make great neighbors. Virginia opossums’ pelts may also be sold commercially. Are opossums dangerous? [2] It is the only living member of its genus, Chironectes. This behavior … Possums are also native to Papua New Guinea and Sulawesi, and are also found as an introduced species in New Zealand and China. The water opossum, found on the fringes of the South American rainforest and wetlands, is the most aquatic marsupial in the world. Omissions? They are symmetrical as well, which distributes force equally along both borders of the webbing; this increases the efficiency of the water opossum's movement through the water. Water Opossums live in southern Mexico and South America. Its fur has black spot and stripes on gray or light brown. Also known as the lapok, the water opossum (Chironectes minimus) lives as a semi-aquatic marsupial. Their hind feet are webbed and both male and female have pouches. >> When opossums are attacked, they will “play possum,” pretending that they are dead; they remain still, they […] Opossum young are born extremely small, and they crawl into their mother’s pouch to suckle and finish developing there. Learn fast facts about Water Opossums in food plan, habitat, prey, replica, and so forth. Water opossums mate in December and a litter of 1-5 young is born 12 to 14 days later in the nest. The colour of the back is silvery gray overlaid by dark brown to black markings on the shoulders, back, hips, and rump, interconnected by a narrow black stripe running from the back of the head to the tail. However, they are known to hunker down in their dens to wait out bad weather. The hair covering of a Water Opossum is quite unusual, the fur is a combination of black and gray. The water opossum, found on the fringes of the South American rainforest and wetlands, is the most aquatic marsupial in the world. There are 23 possum species in Australia. This includes feeding animals you keep outside, such as chickens. Water opossums are nocturnal and semi-aquatic and use tactile, auditory and olfactory senses for foraging and reproduction. Weiler Woods for Wildlife The most common species are the common brushtail possum and the common ringtail possum. General Facts » The fur is short and dense with a few intermixed longer hairs. Opossums originated in South America and are believed to have entered North America during the Great American Interchange, which is when the continents connected and is believed to have occurred approximately 2.7 million years ago. They sleep during the day in a den in a hollow tree or in an abandoned rodent burrow. Opossum eyes do have whites and irises, but because their pupils are so large, their eyes appear completely black from a distance. Remove all sources of food and water before dusk settles in, and keep pet food away from pet doors or other openings to the house. One of the opossum specie is even skilled enough to subdue scorpions. Opossum Biology, Life Cycle, Habitat, Diet Whether you have an interest in learning more about the wildlife around your home or want to better understand them as a way to keep them off your property, finding out more about opossums can be a very interesting endeavor. TAXONOMY. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS. [3] If looks could kill, opossums would be some of the fiercest predators. Don’t confuse an American opossum with an Australian possum – they’re quite different! It is also the only living marsupial in which both sexes have a pouch. The most notable is the Virginia opossum or common opossum—the only marsupial (pouched mammal) found in the United States and Canada. The face and ears are blackish brown, except for the silvery white cheek and spot above each eye. Normal litters range from seven to 21 offspring, but as many as 50 dime-sized babies may be born in a single litter. Virginia opossum, the only marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found north of Mexico. Adaptable; able to live wherever water, food, and shelter exist. Water Opossums have waterproof coats which have a grey and black pattern. These marsupials have an elongated snout, and a large sagittal crest – a bone making their forehead look taller. The Yapok also known as the Water Opossum is an interesting Marsupial that is known for being unlike any other animal on the planet. The opossum is only limited in its range due to cold or lack of water and are very adaptable animals. Diet. The water opossum's long tail also aids in swimming. Opossum Facts. 1. The opossum is a successful scavenger, thanks to its adaptability and excellent immune system. In this lesson, you will learn about the yapok's behavior and habitat and we will look at some facts about these interesting creatures. Below, explore facts about the Virginia opossum including its habits and how to identify damage. One of the shortest lived mammals for its size, typically 2 to 4 years. At home in trees; uses its prehensile tail to help stabilize position when climbing— it does not, however, hang by its tail. The tail slightly prehensile (grasping) and mostly hairless. They Gravitate Toward Water . Distribution of the Opossum. Opossums are mostly docile and harmless creatures that are rarely dangerous. At 48 days of age, the young opossums detach from the nipples, but they still nurse and sleep with the mother. Water opossum, (Chironectes minimus), also called yapok or yapock, a semiaquatic, web-footed marsupial (family Didelphidae, subfamily Didelphinae) found along tropical rivers, streams, and lakes from Mexico to Argentina. It is the only living member of its genus, Chironectes. Interesting Opossum Facts! The largest species of possum is the cuscus. Size Approximately 609 to 914 mm (24 to 36 inches) Weight 2.7 to 5.9 kg (6 to 13 lbs.) Length 10.6–15.7 in (27–40 cm); weight 21.2–28 oz (600–790g). The danger is made even more pressing because opossums don't hibernate in winter. They sleep during the day in a den in a hollow tree or in an abandoned rodent burrow. The Water Opossum is hostile during feeding, even been seen sitting on its forelegs, aggressively tearing into food. They dig steep tunnels that end in a n… Other interesting facts about Opossums. There are sensory facial bristles in tufts above each eye, as well as whiskers. It has short, dense fur, which is water-repellent. 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