He pre-deceased his father, and died childless. At Chantilly, the prince conducted a number of improvements and embellishments in the years before the French Revolution. Louis Joseph established himself at Coblenz in 1791, where he helped to organize and lead a large counter-revolutionary army of émigrés. In addition, his skin tone was said to have a definite yellowish-orange tint to it. The couple were married at Versailles on 3 May 1753. Viktoria of Hesse-Rotenburg, the Princess of Soubise, was another first cousin. Louis de Bourbon, duc de Bourbon, duc de Montmorency (1668-1689) duc d'Enghien (1689-1709), 6th Prince of Condé, comte de Sancerre (1709-1710), comte de Charolais (1709), was born at the Hôtel de Condé in Paris on 10 November 1668 and died at the Palace of Versailles on 4 March 1710.. Life. A member of the House of Bourbon, he held the prestigious rank of Prince du Sang. Louis de Bourbon (7 May 1530 13 March 1569) was a prominent Huguenot leader and general, the founder of the House of Condé, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon. Henri Jules de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (Paris, 29 July 1643 – Paris, 1 April 1709) was a member of the House of Bourbon and was the Prince of Condé till his death. Another sister, Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon, would marry Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine, a legitimised son of Louis XIV, in 1692. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 19:09. On the plus side, while no scholar, Louis was respectably well educated. In 1765, named the heir of his paternal aunt, Élisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon, Louis Joseph received generous pensions which Élisabeth Alexandrine had in turn acquired from her cousin, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon. 1 Life 1.1 Children 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 Prince de Condé Born in Vendôme, he was the fifth son of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and the younger brother of Antoine de Bourbon who married Jeanne d'Albret, … 6. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710) was a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV.Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. Upon the death of his father, he inherited all the Condé titles and estates. Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (20 September 1652, Bordeaux - 11 April 1653, Bordeaux); died in infancy; 3. Louis, Duke o Bourbon, Prince o Condé, (10 November 1668 - 4 Mairch 1710) wis a Prince o the bluid at the French coort o Louis XIV.Styled as the Duke o Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his faither as Prince o Condé in 1709. Before her marriage, she was known at court as … [3] In 1770, her jealous husband, Honoré III, Prince of Monaco, ordered the borders of Monaco closed in an attempt to prevent her from escaping. His daughter, Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon, who was a nun and had become the abbess of Remiremont Abbey, survived until 1824. He was prince for less than a year. Born on 9 August 1736 at Chantilly, Louis Joseph was the only son of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (1692–1740) and Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (1714–41). Maria Caterina later wrote to her husband that their marriage could be summarised in three words: greed, bravery, and jealousy. The eldest son of Henri Jules de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Anne Henriette of Bavaria, and the grandson of the le Grand Condé. Life. With this in mind, he purchased the neighboring Hôtel de Lassay in 1768, planning to make the two buildings into one. 2. In addition to containing the prince's grandson, Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien, and the two sons of his cousin, the late king's brother, the comte d'Artois, the corps included many young aristocrats who eventually became leaders during the Bourbon Restoration years later. The army was disbanded in 1801 without having achieved its principal ambition, restoring Bourbon rule in France. As a junior member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang.His father Louis Henri, was the eldest son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (known as Monsieur le Duc) and his wife Louise Françoise de Bourbon, daughter of Louis … Previously engaged to Princess Claude. He was buried at the Basilica of St Denis. Later, due to differences with the Austrian plan of attack, however, the Prince de Condé entered with his corps into English pay in 1795. With the loss of its closest allies, the army transferred into the service of the Russian tsar, Paul I and was stationed in Poland, returning in 1799 to the Rhine under Alexander Suvorov. It was later burned off by Leith Bayard. He then moved from the Hôtel de Condé,[4] where he was born, to the Palais Bourbon. Henri Jules de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, Prince of Condé (29 July 1643, Paris - 1 April 1709, Paris); married Anne Henriette of Bavariaand had issue; 2. Louis married Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu at the Palais Royal in Paris February 1641 in the presence of Louis XIII, Anne of Austria and Gaston d'Orléans. Maria was the daughter of Giuseppe Brignole, Marquis of Groppoli and Maria Anna Balbi. After the storming of the Bastille in 1789, he fled France with his son and grandson, before the Reign of Terror which arrested, tried and guillotined most of the Bourbons still living in France: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and the Duke of Orleans (Philippe Égalité) were executed in 1793, and the king's sister, Madame Élisabeth, was beheaded in 1794. The former residence was later sold to King Louis XV in 1770, becoming the subsequent site of the Odéon Theatre. Louis died in 1710 at the age of forty-two. His paternal cousins included Louise Henriette de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans (mother of Philippe Égalité), the sister of Louis François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti, head of another cadet branch of the royal dynasty. Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé; Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé: Spouse(s) Eléanor de Roucy de Roye Francoise d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Longueville: Noble family: House of Condé: Father: Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme: Mother: Françoise d'Alençon: Born 7 May 1530 Vendôme: Died: 13 March 1569 (aged 38) Jarnac His sister, Marie Thérèse de Bourbon, married François Louis, Prince of Conti in 1688. He used her great fortune to help finance the exiled French community's resistance movement. Media related to Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé at Wikimedia Commons, Significant civil and political events by year, The Royalty, peerage and aristocracy of the world, Vol 90, Marie Thérèse of Savoy, Princess de Lamballe, Louise Henriette de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans, Louis François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti, Maria Caterina Brignole, Princess of Monaco, Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien, Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, Duke of Bourbon, Gabriel de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart, Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rothenburg, Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg, Maximilian Karl Albert, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort, Prince Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Joseph,_Prince_of_Condé&oldid=992907109, Recipients of the Order of the Holy Spirit, French military personnel of the Seven Years' War, French military personnel of the French Revolutionary Wars, Members of the Chamber of Peers of the Bourbon Restoration, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 26. His father Louis Henri, was the eldest son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (known as Monsieur le Duc) and his wife Louise Françoise de Bourbon, legitimated daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Anna Maria of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, 28. This group also included Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas and François-René de Chateaubriand. He was prince for less than a year. Furthermore, the Prince was the leader of the Condé army of émigrés. Louis de Bourbon, or Louis III, Prince of Condé (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710), was a prince du sang as a member of the reigning House of Bourbon at the French court of Louis XIV.Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé (French pronunciation: ) in 1709; however, he was still known by the ducal title. It was constructed in 1769 by the architect, Jean François Leroy, and was later renamed the Château d'Enghien in honour of his grandson, Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien,[5] who was born at Chantilly in 1772. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686) was a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. Louise Françoise de Bourbon, Duchess of Bourbon (1 June 1673 – 16 June 1743) was the eldest surviving legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.She was said to have been named after her godmother, Louise de La Vallière, the woman her mother had replaced as the king's mistress. In an age where dynastic considerations played a major role, eyebrows at court were raised at a marriage between a full-blooded prince du sang and a royal bastard. Matthias, Count Khuen of Lichtenberg and Belasi, 15. After the marriage, his wife assumed the style of Madame la Duchesse. In 1797, Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio with the First French Republic, formally ending its hostilities against the French. Condé has never been married, but had multiple mistresses. Previously engaged to Lady Lola. She died in 1813. [6][7] The marriage was kept secret for a decade, the couple reportedly becoming openly known as husband and wife only after 26 December 1808.[6]. He died in 1818 and was succeeded by his son, Louis Henri. 1. 7. Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. With the defeat of Napoleon, Louis Joseph returned to Paris, where he resumed his courtly duties as grand maître in the royal household of Louis XVIII. The youngest son, Louis, inherited the lordships of Meaux, Nogent, Condé, and Soissons as his appanage.Louis was titled Prince of Condé in a parliamentary document on 15 January 1557 and, without any legal authority beyond their dignity as princes of the Blood Royal, they continued to bear it for the next three centuries.He was succeeded by his son Henri I de Bourbon, prince de Condé. Louis de Bourbon, or Louis III, Prince of Condé (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710), was a prince du sang as a member of the reigning House of Bourbon at the French court of Louis XIV. He was also the only surviving son of the famous Grand Condé.He was known for his bizarre bouts of madness. 5. Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon, only son of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, and his wife Charlotte de Rohan, was born at the Hôtel de Condé in Paris. Louis was prince de Condé for a little less than a year, as he died only eleven months after his father. Biography. The head of the House of Condé, le Grand Condé, however, acquiesced to the socially inferior match in the hope of gaining favour with the bride's father, Louis XIV. He was the only son of Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé and his wife, Charlotte de Rohan.As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang and was entitled to the style of Serene Highness, prior to his accession to the Condé title, while he was known as the duke of Enghien and later as Duke of Bourbon.On succeeding his father he was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. Obtaining the rank of general, he fought in the Seven Years' War with some distinction, serving alongside his father-in-law, the Prince of Soubise. Polyxena Maria Khuen of Lichtenberg and Belasi. 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Born on 9 August 1736 at Chantilly,[1] Louis Joseph was the only son of Louis Henri I, Prince of Condé (1692–1740) and Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (1714–41). He was born in Paris, the fifth son of King Louis Philippe I.He used the title Duke of Aumale. He was the only son of Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé and his wife, Charlotte de Rohan.As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang and was entitled to the style of Serene Highness, prior to his accession to the Condé title, while he was known as the duke of Enghien and later as Duke of Bourbon.On succeding his father he was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. He was commonly called Monsieur le Duc. [3] Subsequently, Prince Honoré of Monaco finally realized his relationship with Maria Caterina was completely finished and thereupon turned his attention to his own love affairs. His older brother Antoine de Bourbon married Jeanne d'Albret (Queen of Navarre). He also commissioned a large garden in the English style as well as an hameau, much like the contemporary one that Queen Marie Antoinette had created at Versailles and at the Petit Trianon château. During the French Revolution, Louis Joseph was a dedicated supporter of the monarchy and one of the principal leaders of the counter-revolutionary movement. His sisters, in fact, were so tiny that they were referred to as "dolls of the Blood", or, less flatteringly, as "little black beetles"[citation needed] since many of them were dark in complexion and hunchbacked. Like his father, who became Prince of Condé in 1687, Louis de Bourbon led a typical, unremarkable life. It was in the rue Saint-Dominique, near the Palais Bourbon, and was completed in 1777. The Army of Condé initially fought in conjunction with the Austrians. He initially received the title of Duke of Bourbon. As a cadet of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang. Among other estates, Louis Joseph also inherited the famous Château de Chantilly, the main seat of the Condé line. Louis Joseph de Bourbon (9 August 1736 – 13 May 1818) was Prince of Condé from 1740 to his death. Recieved The Devil's Mark from a group of Catholic thugs called The Dark Riders. (1) Eléanor de Roucy de Roye (February 24, 1536 - July 23, 1564), heiress of Charles de Roye, who had married Madeleine de Maillé, a half-sister of Coligny. However, he was known by the lesser ducal title. Louis de Bourbon, (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710) was a prince du sang as a member of the reigning House of Bourbon at the French court of Louis XIV.Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé (French pronunciation: [kɔ̃ˈdeɪ]) in 1709.However, he was known by the lesser ducal title. Like his father, Louis was hopelessly insane, having slipped into madness several years before his actual death[citation needed], "making horrible faces", as one historian noted. [citation needed]. His youngest sister, Marie Anne de Bourbon, much later married the famous general Louis Joseph de Bourbon. Born on 9 August 1736 at Chantilly, Louis Joseph was the only son of Louis Henri I, Prince of Condé (1692–1740) and Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (1714–41). In 1685, Louis married Louise Françoise de Bourbon, known at court as Mademoiselle de Nantes, who was the eldest legitimised daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. As a cadet of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang. Marie de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Bourbon (16 February 1755 - 22 June 1759) died in infancy. Louis Joseph's wife Charlotte died in 1760, and as time passed, his relationship with Maria Caterina Brignole, Princess of Monaco, became serious. Charlotte's mother, Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, was a daughter of Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne, the reigning Duke of Bouillon. After the dissolution of the corps, the prince spent his exile in England, where he lived with his second wife, Maria Caterina Brignole, the divorced wife of Honoré III, Prince of Monaco, whom he had married in 1798. Anna Maria of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg (= 27), 30. He was made a Chevalier du Saint-Esprit in 1686, a colonel of the Bourbon-Infanterie Regiment later that same year, a maréchal de camp in 1690, and a lieutenant general in 1692. His father Louis Henri, was the eldest son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (known as Monsieur le Duc) and his wife Louise Françoise de Bourbon, legitimated daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Has an older sister, and a brother named Antoine de Bourbon who is the King of Navarre. He was also ranked as a Prince of the blood st the Royal court of Versailles. He was the only son of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (1692–1740) and Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (1714–41). Due to Maria Caterina's illicit position as the Prince of Condé's mistress, the new French queen, 18-year-old Marie Antoinette (wife of King Louis XVI of France), treated her poorly at court, which consequently offended Louis Joseph. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Louis de Bourbon, duc de Bourbon, duc de Montmorency (1668–1689), duc d'Enghien (1689–1709), 6th Prince of Condé, comte de Sancerre (1709–1710), comte de Charolais (1709), was born at the Hôtel de Condé in Paris on 10 November 1668 and died at the Palace of Versailles on 4 March 1710. Prince Henri of Orléans, Duke of Aumale (Henri Eugène Philippe Louis; 16 January 1822 – 7 May 1897) was a leader of the Orleanists, a political faction in 19th century France associated with constitutional monarchy. The marriage was supposed to heal relations between the Condé and Orléans branches of the royal family.[2]. In 1770, his son married Bathilde d'Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, and sister of Philippe Égalité. Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Condé (Louis Henri Joseph; 18 August 1692 – 27 January 1740) was head of the Prince of Condé and a cousin of the then reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726.. However, the palace was only finished at the end of the 1780s, when the French Revolution later swept away the old regime. X de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Bourbon (165… Eventually, she was able to return to Paris. While not suffering from this condition himself, Louis was macrocephalic. During his father's lifetime, the infant Louis Joseph was known as the Duke of Enghien, (duc d'Enghien). At the age of four, following his father's death in 1740, and his mother's death in 1741,[1] he was placed under the care of his paternal uncle, Louis, Count of Clermont, his father's youngest brother. Through his mother, he was a first cousin of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and of Marie Thérèse of Savoy, Princess de Lamballe. Louis Condé is confirmed royalty and a Prince of France. Condé's cousin, through his father - who was the brother of Antoinette de Bourbon - was Mary of Guise. Youth. as well as a deceased brother named Marcus de Bourbon. The seventeen-year-old duc de Bourbon was known at court as Monsieur le Duc. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon (Louis Alexandre Joseph Stanislas; 6 September 1747 – 6 May 1768) was the son and heir of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, great grandson of Louis XIV by the king's legitimised son, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon.He was known as the Prince of Lamballe from birth. Louis Henri was the only son of Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé by his first wife, Charlotte de Rohan, daughter of Charles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise.As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang and was entitled to the style of Serene Highness, prior to his accession to the Condé title, while he was known as the duke of Enghien and later as Duke of Bourbon. French Royalty. Life. In 1796, the army fought in Swabia. Ferdinand Charles, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort, 27. Louis Joseph had an older half sister, Henriette de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Verneuil (1725–1780). 4. Louis, Prince of Condé was married twice and had children by both of his wives. Gobert, attributed to -Louis Henri of Bourbon, Prince of Condé - Versailles, MV3727.jpg 4,096 × 5,341; 2.62 MB Pair of Square Flasks, c. 1730-1740, Chantilly, from the Prince de Conde's collection 1740, soft-paste porcelain with overglaze enamels - Gardiner Museum, Toronto - … One of nine children, he was his parents' eldest surviving son. At a time when five-and-a-half feet was considered a normal height for a woman, Louis, while not quite a dwarf, was considered a short man. She managed, nonetheless, to cross into France and found her way to Le Mans, southwest of Paris, where she took refuge in a convent. They married on June 27, 1551 and had 8 children: Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé; Marguerite de Bourbon b. He was also Governor of Burgundy. He retired from public life in 1883. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. In 1800 when Russia left the Allied coalition, the army re-entered English service and fought in Bavaria. During both the reigns of King Louis XV and his grandson, King Louis XVI, Louis Joseph held the position of Grand Maître de France in the King's royal household, the Maison du Roi. By 1769, Maria had begun to set up a home in the Hôtel de Lassay, an annex of the Prince of Condé's primary residence, the Palais Bourbon. His mother was Françoise d'Alençon, the eldest daughter of René, Duke of Alençon, and Margaret of Lorraine. Ferdinand Charles, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (= 26), 29. In that same year, Louis Joseph repurchased the Palais Bourbon, previously owned by his family, from King Louis XV, and decided to rebuild it from a country house into a monumental palace, in the new Classical Revival style. The eldest son of Henri Jules de Bourbon, 5th Prince of Condé, and of Anne Henriette of … Together, they had three children: a daughter, Marie de Bourbon, who died young; an only son, Louis Henri de Bourbon, who would later become the last Prince of Condé; and a daughter, Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon. Biography. Born in Vendôme, he was the fifth son of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme. Similarly, while certainly no fool, he was not burdened with too much intelligence for his time and station in life. 3. In 1795, Prince Honoré of Monaco died, and on 24 October 1798, the Prince of Condé and Maria were married in London. Louis Joseph lived with his mistress Maria in France until the French revolution, when the couple left for Germany and then Great Britain. Their son, Condé's nephew, became Henry IV of France. 1. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé (French pronunciation: ​[kɔ̃de]) in 1709; however, he was still known by the ducal title. Louis Joseph married Charlotte de Rohan in 1753, the daughter of the French king Louis XV's friend, Charles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise. [citation needed] In about 1774, Louis Joseph and his mistress Maria began the construction of the Hôtel de Monaco, which was to be her permanent home in Paris. He had the Château d'Enghien built on the grounds of the estate to house guests when the prince entertained at Chantilly. He was prince for less than a year. Basilica of st Denis with too much intelligence for his bizarre bouts of.... His time and station in life Bourbon led a typical, unremarkable life Paris! 'S Mark from a group of Catholic thugs called the Dark Riders that their could... Born, to the Palais Bourbon yellowish-orange tint to it 1800 when left! 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