These are a vast interior plateau of hills and mountains that dominate the landscape; the Caribbean lowlands, and the Pacific lowlands- fringing the Gulf of Fonseca. A large portion of the country's agricultural products are grown in the Great Plains. Hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30, with a peak from mid-August through early October. [note 3]. [21] Pago Pago Harbor in American Samoa is the rainiest harbor in the world (because of the 523 meter Rainmaker Mountain). top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow. The large southern portion, known as the Great Basin, consists of salt flats, drainage basins, and many small north–south mountain ranges. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. With deserts, glaciers and volcanoes, the United States and Canada are home to a vast diversity of terrain. Challenge / Adventure Map. This permafrost keeps moisture near the soil’s surface, promoting vegetation growth even in the extreme, Arctic conditions of the tundra. Both these territories are also claimed by India, so are not counted; and (2) How US calculates its own surface area. Extreme weather prevents the growth of large plants but is perfectly suited to the native grasses that dominate the region. Tennessee blank map. area of the planet which can be classified according to the plant and animal life in it. The greatest annual snowfall level is at Mount Rainier in Washington, at 692 inches (1,758 cm); the record there was 1,122 inches (2,850 cm) in the winter of 1971–72. Deadly and destructive hurricanes occur almost every year along the Atlantic seaboard and the Gulf of Mexico. Offshore Islands dot the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Routledge: New York. 12. There was the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, the Great Flood of 1993, and widespread flooding and mudslides caused by the 1982–83 El Niño event in the western United States. North America is a continent with 23 independent countries and 22 territories which to a different extent are dependant on other countries. It also walks the reader through the creation of North America with beautiful, GIS-rendered, paleogeographical maps and photographs of representative outcrops of the formations described. The Mississippi River, at 3,730 kilometers (2,320 miles) long, is one of the longest river systems in the world and drains all or parts of 31 U.S. states. China and the United States are smaller than Russia and Canada in total area, but are larger than Brazil. We're always adding new printables, and would love to hear your suggestions. rocky plateau extending through most of northern and central Canada. International Maritime Boundaries, 5 vols. The Batway . In fact, the land itself has a major impact on how the population has settled across it. This hard surface provides a rich community for algae and plants such as seagrass. The mountains include temperate rain forest—a biome unique to the area. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Nearly all of the United States is in the northern hemisphere — the exceptions are American Samoa and Jarvis Island, which are in the southern hemisphere.[11]. Deep, rich soil blankets large areas of the plains in Canada and the United States. California blank map. The Sierra Madre stretch from the southwestern United States to Honduras. [1] The United States shares land borders with Canada and Mexico and maritime borders with Russia, Cuba, the Bahamas, and other countries,[note 2] in addition to Canada and Mexico. Volcanic activity can destroy towns and cities. that run over multiple pages and the caption is found on the first page. VIEW. Interior Highlands, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.[12][13]. North America benefits greatly from its fertile soils, plentiful freshwater, oil and mineral deposits, and forests. Tectonic features shown include subduction zones, island arcs, mid-ocean ridges and accreting terranes. Greatly diminished by the time they reach the High Plains, much of the moisture has been sapped by the orographic effect as it is forced over several mountain ranges. Parts of interior Florida and South Carolina are also home to sand-hill communities. The Sierra Nevada, further south, is a high, rugged, and dense mountain range. (1989, 1993). However, that population is not spread out evenly across that territory. The USDA map is the one most gardeners in the eastern United States rely on, and the one that most national garden magazines, catalogs, books, websites and nurseries currently use. one of the seven main land masses on Earth. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs.Western RegionYoung mountains rise in the west. having to do with facilities or resources located underwater, usually miles from the coast. These storms are known as Nor'easters and often bring widespread, heavy rain, wind, and snowfall to New England. 2. The generally low relief of the plains is broken in several places, most notably in the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which form the U.S. She or he will best know the preferred format. The Great Plains is the name of a high plateau of grasslands that is located in parts of the United States and Canada in North America and has an area of approximately 1,125,000 square miles (2,900,000 square km). North America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately.North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region, and the Caribbean. km (43,433 sq. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur frequently in this region. What are we missing? Hurricanes (known as cyclones in the Pacific Ocean) fail to landfall on the Pacific Coast of the United States due to water temperatures being too cool to sustain them. The Rocky Mountains are part of a system of parallel mountain ranges known as the Cordilleras. By total area (water as well as land), the United States is either slightly larger or smaller than the People's Republic of China, making it the world's third or fourth largest country. Additionally, the southeastern section has undergone an elevation resulting in the advance of the land upon the sea. permanently frozen layer of the Earth's surface. Other natural disasters include: tsunamis around Pacific Basin, mud slides in California, and forest fires in the western half of the contiguous U.S. North America, the third-largest continent, extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. [16] On the other end of the spectrum, Death Valley, California once reached 134 °F (56.7 °C), the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth.[17][18]. Earth Science, Geology, Meteorology, Geography, Physical Geography. My only complaint is that it frequently has figures with multiple illustrations, e.g. Hotei Publishing: Leiden. Use these resources to spark student curiosity in terrestrial ecosystems and discover how different abiotic and biotic factors determine the plants and animals found in a particular place. As settlement and colonization expanded, people moved steadily westward, still primarily situating close to waterways. Greenland, along with the Canadian Shield, is tundra with average temperatures ranging from 10 to 20 °C (50 to 68 °F), but central Greenland is composed of a very large ice sheet. The Everglades is a biologically diverse region and contains several bordering ecosystems. A broad, flat coastal plain lines the Atlantic and Gulf shores from the Texas-Mexico border to New York City, and includes the Florida peninsula. The narrow canyons of many mountain areas in the west and severe thunderstorm activity during the summer lead to sometimes devastating flash floods as well, while nor'easter snowstorms can bring activity to a halt throughout the Northeast (although heavy snowstorms can occur almost anywhere). Coordinates: 38°00′00″N 97°00′00″W / 38.000°N 97.000°W / 38.000; -97.000, "Geography of America" redirects here. Hawaii, far to the south of Alaska in the Pacific Ocean, is a chain of tropical, volcanic islands, popular as a tourist destination for many from East Asia and the mainland United States. These large deserts are located in the rain shadows of nearby mountains. North America Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International … Animal species include the roadrunner, Gila monster, and rattlesnake.In addition to mountains, deserts, and forests, the northern part of the western region of North America also has the richest deposits of oil and natural gas on the continent. Join Planet Minecraft! The temperate rain forest supports a wide variety of life. Leonex • 04/23/2020. The Midwest also has a vast amount of cave systems. The Florida Everglades is the largest wetland system in the United States, covering more than 11,137 square kilometers (4,300 square miles) of southern Florida. Currently, the CIA World Factbook gives 9,826,675 km2 (3,794,100 sq mi),[7] the United Nations Statistics Division gives 9,629,091 km2 (3,717,813 sq mi),[8] and the Encyclopædia Britannica gives 9,522,055 km2 (3,676,486 sq mi)(Great Lakes area included but not coastal waters). You cannot download interactives. Also called the Great American Desert, the Great Plains lie between the Rio Grande in the south and the delta of the Mackenzie River at the Arctic Ocean in the north and between … In addition, instead of being one generally continuous and solid mountain range, it is broken up into a number of smaller, intermittent mountain ranges, forming a large series of basins and valleys. the study of the way human communities and systems interact with their environment. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at how human geography has an impact on settlement patterns in North America. Hurricanes are another natural disaster found in the US, which can hit anywhere along the Gulf Coast or the Atlantic Coast as well as Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. For lists of areas, see the following articles: In terms of human geography, the United States is inhabited by a diverse set of ethnicities and cultures. Its comparatively favorable agricultural climate contributed (in part) to the country's rise as a world power, with infrequent severe drought in the major agricultural regions, a general lack of widespread flooding, and a mainly temperate climate that receives adequate precipitation. Most of the early settlements in the region were small and were located close to the eastern coast. Texas blank map. Occasional severe flooding is experienced. Within the continental U.S., eight distinct physiographic divisions exist, though each is composed of several smaller physiographic subdivisions. These resources can be used to teach middle schoolers more about the natural world, its distinctive features, and landscapes. Earthquakes can cause extensive damage, such as the 1906 San Francisco earthquake or the 1964 Good Friday earthquake near Anchorage, Alaska. The geography of the United States varies across its immense area. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land. This broad coastal plain and barrier islands make up the widest and longest beaches in the United States, much of it composed of soft, white sands. The Great Basin and Columbia Plateau (the Intermontane Plateaus) are arid or semiarid regions that lie in the rain shadow of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada. Forty-eight of the states are in the single region between Canada and Mexico; this group is referred to, with varying precision and formality, as the contiguous United States, and as the Lower 48. The United States also has overseas territories (Insular areas) with varying levels of independence and organization: in the Caribbean the territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and in the Pacific the inhabited territories of American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, along with a number of uninhabited island territories. North America map of Köppen climate classification. It is from the United States side, that the great Mississippi system discharges southward to the Gulf of Mexico. The grassland or prairie regions of the Great Plains make up the largest biome in North America. large grassland; usually associated with the Mississippi River Valley in the United States. By land area only (exclusive of waters), the United States is the world's third largest country, after Russia and China, with Canada in fourth. Summers are wet and winters are dry in Florida. Localized flooding can, however, occur anywhere, and mudslides from heavy rain can cause problems in any mountainous area, particularly the Southwest. The Sitka spruce, western red cedar, and Douglas fir are trees native to North America’s temperate rain forest. The Great Plains and Midwest, due to the contrasting air masses, see frequent severe thunderstorms and tornado outbreaks during spring and summer with around 1,000 tornadoes occurring each year. Although drought is rare, it has occasionally caused major disruption, such as during the Dust Bowl (1931–1942). Louisiana blank map. North America, the third-largest continent, extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. The Sierra Nevada, further south, is a high, rugged, and dense mountain range. Large stretches of desert shrub in the west can fuel the spread of wildfires. Areas further inland feature rolling hills, mountains, and a diverse collection of temperate and subtropical moist and wet forests. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). The Great Plains lie west of the Mississippi River and east of the Rocky Mountains. all forms in which water falls to Earth from the atmosphere. This system had its climax of deformation so long ago (probably in Permian time) that it has since then been very generally reduced to moderate or low relief. There have been about 100 significant earthquakes annually from 2010 to 2012. state of the atmosphere, including temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. wetland area usually covered by a shallow layer of seawater or freshwater. All rights reserved. West of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada is a series of valleys, such as the Central Valley in California and the Willamette Valley in Oregon. North America is contained entirely within the Northern and Western Hemispheres. There are several active volcanoes located in the islands of Hawaii, including Kilauea in ongoing eruption since 1983, but they do not typically adversely affect the inhabitants of the islands. Most Renewable Electricity ProducedBelize (96.7%; hydropower, biomass), Population Density57 people per square kilometer, Largest WatershedMississippi River (3 million square kilometers/1.15 million square miles), Highest ElevationDenali, Alaska, United States (6,190 meters/20,310 feet), Largest Urban AreaNew York City, United States (23.7 million people). North America’s urban landscape has been shaped both by colonization and by industrialization. However, when the land mass of present North America were added to maps, most mapmakers opted to retain the original name. The Ohio and Tennessee Valleys and the Midwest consist largely of rolling hills, interior highlands and small mountains, jungly marsh and swampland near the Ohio River, and productive farmland, stretching south to the Gulf Coast. Also called a key. Anderson, Ewan W. (2003). Grain grown in this region, called the “Breadbasket of North America,” feeds a large part of the world. The Cordilleran system on the western side of the continent is lofty, broad and complicated having two branches, the Rocky Mountain System and the Pacific Mountain System. The southeast United States, generally stretching from the Ohio River on south, includes a variety of warm temperate and subtropical moist and wet forests, as well as warm temperate and subtropical dry forests nearer the Great Plains in the west of the region. The jet stream brings in large low pressure systems from the northern Pacific Ocean that enter the US mainland over the Pacific Northwest. The mild winters of Florida allow a massive tropical fruit industry to thrive in the central part of the state, making the US second to only Brazil in citrus production in the world. 550 63 1. x 1. to fill one substance with as much of another substance as it can take. The mountains block precipitation and accelerate the movement of hot, dry wind over these regions. rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons. The Rocky Mountain region is the highest region of the United States by average elevation. The West Coast of the continental United States makes up part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of heavy tectonic and volcanic activity that is the source of 90% of the world's earthquakes. The Laurentian Highlands, the Interior Plains and the Interior Highlands lie between the two coasts, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico northward, far beyond the national boundary, to the Arctic Ocean. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." The Southwest is a hot desert, with temperatures exceeding 100 °F (37.8 °C) for several weeks at a time in summer. The Appalachian Mountains form a line of low mountains separating the eastern seaboard from the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin. large region that is higher than the surrounding area and relatively flat. None has exceeded a magnitude of 5.6, and no one has been killed.[27]. A terrestrial ecosystem is a land-based community of organisms and the interactions of biotic and abiotic components in a given area. The name “America” used to refer to only South America alone. VIEW. The continent includes the enormous island of Greenland in the northeast and the small island countries and territories that dot the Caribbean Sea and western North Atlantic Ocean. 41. Last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:56, northern border of the United States with Canada, List of National Parks of the United States, List of extreme points of the United States, List of snowiest places in the United States by state, Territorial evolution of the United States, List of mountain peaks of the United States, Cook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty, Common Core Document to U.N. Committee on Human Rights, https://www.britannica.com/place/United-States-Virgin-Islands, https://www.britannica.com/place/Puerto-Rico, http://www.pacgeo.org/static/maritimeboundaries/, "Population by Sex, Rate of Population Increase, Surface Area and Density", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/ref_maps/physical/pdf/standard_time_zones_of_the_world.pdf, "Managing Upland Forests of the Midsouth", "A Tapestry of Time and Terrain: The Union of Two Maps - Geology and Topography", "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)", https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/36675, Precipitation History of the Mojave Desert Region, 1893–2001, Large Floods in the United States: Where Thley Happen and Why, https://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/publications/saferstructures/, "Study:Earthquake increase tied to energy boom", National Atlas of the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_the_United_States&oldid=991063065, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Diverse: Ranges from Temperate in the North to Tropical in the far south. Although cordilleras exist all over the world, in North America, “the Cordilleras” indicate the massive mountain ranges in the western part of the continent. area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation a year. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Physical boundaries include oceans, cliffs, or valleys. event or symbol representing a belief, nation, or community. Elevation rises gradually from less than a few hundred feet near the Mississippi River to more than a mile high in the High Plains. Ancient Landscapes of Western North America by Ronald C. Blakey and Wayne D. Ranney traces the geologic history of the the Western North America from Rodina (ca 1100 million years ago, Ma) thru Pangea (ca 350 Ma) to modern times. Environment / Landscaping Map. Middle East blank map. The United States shares land borders with Canada (to the north) and Mexico (to the south), and a territorial water border with Russia in the northwest, and two territorial water borders in the southeast between Florida and Cuba, and Florida and the Bahamas. In the Pacific Ocean the territories of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands occupy the limestone and volcanic isles of the Mariana archipelago, and American Samoa (the only populated US territory in the southern hemisphere) encompasses volcanic peaks and coral atolls in the eastern part of the Samoan Islands chain. Notable desert plant species includes the saguaro cactus, Joshua tree, and mesquite. community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area. Black bears, Roosevelt elk, and marmots are indigenous animal species.The three major desert regions of North America—the Sonoran, Mojave, and Chihuahuan—are all in the American southwest and northern Mexico. Sustainability Policy |  Farmland failed throughout the Plains, entire regions were virtually depopulated, and dust storms ravaged the land. [citation needed] The American Northwest sees the highest concentration of active volcanoes in the United States, in Washington, Oregon and northern California along the Cascade Mountains. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Annually much of Florida, as well as the deep southern states, are frost-free. mi) in Central America. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. Others are found off the Florida Keys, a chain of cays—small islands situated on a coral reef platform—near the southern coast of the U.S. state of Florida. Even if you don't post your own creations, we appreciate feedback on ours. The region’s islands and smaller islets are varied in their topography; some have relatively flat and sandy terrain while others are rugged, mountainous, and volcanic.The coral reefs and cays of the Caribbean Sea are among the most spectacular biomes in North America. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Native grasses vary in size from 2 meters (7 feet) in tallgrass prairies to only 20 or 25 centimeters (8 or 10 inches) in shortgrass prairies. Other smaller Intermontane areas include the Columbia Plateau covering eastern Washington, western Idaho and northeast Oregon and the Snake River Plain in Southern Idaho. Map Collections ($9) Search All Printables. In between these mountain systems lie the Intermontaine Plateaus. Explore how they show up in various landscapes. Encyclopedic entry. United States blank map. 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